[Hines: Introduction- How made- History- Kinds and sizes of paper- paper mills- Usefulness]
Introduction: Paper is a thing on which we write. It is one of the most essential things of modern civilization. We cannot do without it even for a day.
How made: Paper is made of rags, grass, straws, bamboos, jute, wood and other waste things. They are dept in water and then boiled to make pulp.
History: Paper was first made and used in China. The Arabs learned it from China. The art of making paper was in vogue in Spain in 12 centuries. But the ancient Egyptians performed writing on a soft white thing of a kind of grass named papyrus plant. It grew on the bank of the Nile. The working paper is derived from papyrus. Before the invention of paper, the writing was on the leaves of trees and skins of an animal.
Kinds and sizes of paper: Papers are of different kinds, sizes, and colors. Some are very fine, some are coarse, some are white, red, black, green, yellow, brown and orange. The foolscap, the demy, double crown and royal are the standard sizes. These are used for various purposes such as in writing, printing, decorating.
Paper Mills: In the modern, age paper is made in the mills. We have got a very large mill at Chandraghona in Chittagong.
There is another paper mill at Pakshey in North Bengal and a newsprint paper mill in Khulna.
Usefulness: Paper helps a man in the spread of education. It spreads the news among the people of the world. We use it for writing and printing. Without paper, our education and civilization would not have been possible. It is a great blessing to us.