Introduction: Jute is a wonderful crop of the world. It is essential for almost every country. Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. Bangladesh, therefore, remains the unchallenged monopolist of this wonderful crop. It is our pride and our most valuable asset. It is called the golden fiber of Bangladesh.
Description of the jute plant: jute is a kind of fiber which is termed as a golden fiber. It is a coarse fiber. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. Generally, jute plants grow up from five to fifteen feet in height. The plant has not branched. It leaves grow on its stem which is covered with a thick bark. It is a kind of long, soft and lustrous fiber.
Where grown: jute mainly grows in Bangladesh. Once Bangladesh enjoyed monopoly market. But now jute is grown in many other countries of the world such as India, China, Thailand, and Brazil etc. in Bangladesh it grows well in Dhaka, Mymensingh, Comilla, Noakhali, Faridpur, Dinajpur, Bogra. The land where jute is grown should be fertile, mist and swampy.
How grown or cultivated/process of cultivation: the cultivation of jute is a difficult process. It requires much hard labor and great care. At first, the soil must be well plowed and abundantly manured. When it is ready, the seeds are sown. It is done usually in April after a shower of rain. In a few, days, they germinate. When the plants grow up to one foot or so, the fields are weeded out for several times. After three or four months, the plants grow ten to twelve feet high and become ready enough for harvest.
How fiber is got: the cultivators cut the nature jute plants and put them under water. There the plant’s rat. After that, the fiber is taken out and washed in water. Then it is spread out in the sun and gets dry. It is tied in bundles and in ready for sale.
Importance/Utility: Jute is useful to us in various ways. First of all, it is one of the main cash crops of Bangladesh and the country earns a lot of foreign exchange every year. Secondly, many kinds of things are produced from jute namely carpet, gunny bags, ropes, cloths, mats, painting, brush, false hair, handicrafts etc.
Conclusion: finally, it can be said that jute plays a significant role in the economy of Bangladesh. It does not much good to us. Yet the farmers are deprived o their due price. On the other hand, with the advancement of science, jute is threatened by various synthetic yarn. So necessary steps should be taken to save this natural fiber which is the heart of our natural economy.