Introduction: Bangladesh is a poor small country but her population is very big. Man cannot live without food. So earning his bread has always been his principal occupation. There was a time when Bangladesh was the granary of this subcontinent. Then the people of Bangladesh were happy in all respects. They devoted their time and energy to the development of cottage industry and culture. But we now suffer greatly from the shortage of foodstuff every year.
Causes of the problem: the causes of food problem in Bangladesh are many. Our total land area is 14 million hectares or 35 million acres. We are too many (About 110 million) to live on this small land. Sixty percent of our total land is occupied by cultivable land. On an average, each person has only 0-37 acres of cultivable land. In the circumstances, so small a piece of land cannot even produce enough crops to provide the bare necessary amount for our existence. We have not yet brought every nice of our cultivable land under cultivation. Most of our lands are ploughed in the traditional way.
Measures to be taken: it is true that we cannot increase the land area of the country. It is also true that we should not depend on other countries for foodstuff. So we must take effective measures to grow more food and cope with the food problem. We must bring every inch of our idle land under the plough. Then land must be examined, classified and plotted out. Labour should be given proper training in the scientific method of cultivation. More and more areas of land should be brought under irrigations system.
Conclusion: the success of any program depends on the persons who are field workers. The greatest wealth of Bangladesh is her manpower. Our land has the potentiality to yield much more product. If our manpower is properly exploited and utilized, we shall soon be able to double the production of food. In this way, we can solve the problem.
Composition on Food Problem in Bangladesh
Question: Write a short composition that tells your opinion about “Food Problem in Bangladesh”.
Answer: In Bangladesh, there is an acute shortage of food. Population grows in Geometrical proportion whereas food is produced in arithmetical proportion. So there remains a constant problem of food and raises the question of growing more food.
Our land is losing its capacity to grow more food. The land is being continuously fragmented and the ratio between land and population is becoming wider. The pressure of growing population on land is too heavy. Moreover, natural calamities like floods and cyclones affect food production very badly.
To meet the food problem, we should increase the production of food. We should adopt scientific method of cultivation. Co-operative farming should be introduced. Irrigation facilities should be expanded.
All kinds of land should be brought under cultivation. High yielding variety of seeds should be used and fertilizers and pesticides should also be used in the scientific method. Sufficient amount of fertilizers and insecticides should be made available. The cultivators should be well trained and should be taught how to use fertilizers and insecticides.
The Government should sincerely take Positive steps to increase food production within the shortest possible time. As food crisis is now increasing all over the increasing all over the world, it is becoming more other countries. So, the government should make all, our efforts to supply the required amount of fertilizers, good seeds, pesticides and other necessary equipment are so that farmers can grow more food. Farmers should be provided loan on easy terms. Co-operative farming should be encouraging. Measures to protect food crops from drought, floods and cyclones should also be taken.
In spite of so many hurdles, there is still enough scope to increase food production in our country. The goal of attaining self-sufficiency in food certainly can be attained. This problem cannot be solved by any single agency or organization, nor by the government alone. It can be done only by the concerted efforts of the whole nation.