The elements of our surroundings such as air, water, soil, weather, climate, etc. all make up our environment. If the natural relationships among these elements are disturbed, the ecological balance is hampered and this is termed environmental pollution. Our environment is polluted in many ways. Man makes fire for various purposes. This fire produces smoke and smoke pollutes the air. Again railway engines, mills, factories, buses, cars, and trucks also emit smoke and cause air pollution. Water, another vital element of the environment, is also polluted for various reasons. Chemical fertilizers and insecticides, filth and waste products of mills and factories are responsible for water pollution. Again, steamers, launches and even boats throw waste into in the rivers and pollute water. Further, the horns of vehicles and the sound of the machines of mills and factories cause sound pollution. All these types of pollution have harmful effects on humans, animals, and plant. Air pollution causes different respiratory diseases and water pollution causes water-borne diseases. Sound pollution affects the capacity of our hearing. Again pollution causes an ecological imbalance that brings about different types of disasters. So, we should keep the environment pollution-free so that we can ensure a safe abode for ourselves and the generation to come.
- What is environment pollution?
- How is environment polluted day by day?
- What are the causes of different types- of pollutions?
- What are the effects?
- Which diseases does the environment pollution create?
- What should we do to lead a comfortable life?
Answer: The environment refers to the air, water, and land in which people, animals, and plants live. Our environment is often polluted mostly by man-made causes. We create smoke by burning wood, coals and oil. Mills, factories and various types of vehicles also belch a lot of smoke and thus pollute the air. Polluted air causes pneumonia, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases. Water is also polluted in different ways. Man pollutes water by throwing poisonous chemicals and waste products into rivers. Water vehicles pollute water by dumping oil, food waste and human waste into them. Unsanitary latrines and unsafe drains standing on rivers also pollute water, which causes water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea etc. The next factor is the soil pollution. Various chemicals such as lead and arsenic pollute the soil. Pollution by arsenic causes severe skin diseases that even can lead to cancer. The environment may also be pollution from untreated human waste causes serious discomfort to our sense of smell. If we want to live a comfortable life, we should take determined action to prevent the pollution of the environment. And it can be done better by raising awareness among people.