Wednesday, April 01, 2015

An Essay on Broadcasting

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Broadcasting means the transmission of news, speeches, music, etc. by means of electrical and ionized impulse waves to all persons who possess receiving sets. The discovery of the wireless or radio goes back to the first decade of the 20th century. To Marconi of Italy. however, belongs the credit of putting this discovery to partial use, when in 1899 he transmitted wireless messages across the English Channel.

Since 1911 the development was rapid. In 1930, it reached a stage that enabled Col. Lindberg to broadcast the story of his air fight across the Atlantic through a chain of 119 stations. Today there are radio stations broadcasting from almost every big city and millions of people get their news, messages and amusements over their wireless sets.

In the main, broadcasting afford a pleasant family diversion Nothing can be more charmingly domestic than to sit round the radio with one's parents and brothers and sisters, and listen to musical program, theatrical arid other interesting topics and relays.

In this age, when one has hardly the time, one saves some amount of time listening to the news on the radio while having one's early breakfast. It is pleasant to be greeted every morning with that cheering "Hallo, everybody" (or its local verification of form) and us feel friendly with mankind. The radio, however, largely is for propaganda by the government. To tell what people should or should not do, to control in an increasing measure the daily life of individuals, the radio is now a handy medium for the government.

To think that the radio is meat only for the average and common man is a mistake. Even the intellectual will find much in it to be interested. Great thinkers, great scientists, great poets often speak to us through the radio.

An adjunct of broadcasting is the growth of television in which you not only hear a man speaking but you can see the man live with his words and movements.

In America in Ceylon, in Australia and in many other countries like India, commercial advertisements are allowed to be put up in the air for money. It is now exacted that the Radio and TV would henceforward be more martial in catering to the common public.