Area and situation: Bangladesh lies on the eastern part of south Asia. It is surrounded by India on three sides north, east and west and by the bay of bangle on the south. It has a total land area of 1, 47, 70 square kilometers including rivers.
Population: Bangladesh is a small country with a big population of about eighteen cores. It is the most densely populated country in the world. Population problem is the one number problem of Bangladesh. Now Bangladesh has become a victim of the vicious circle of extreme poverty due to population explosion.
Religion: there are people of many religions in Bangladesh. More than 80% of the people are Muslims. Besides this, there are Hindus, Buddhists and Christians. They all live in great peace and harmony.
Climate: Bangladesh is a land of moderate climate. It belongs to the domain of a seasonal wind called monsoon. It has six seasons called summer, rainy season, early autumn, late autumn, winter and spring. Each season lasts for two months. Each season comes with its own colors and adds beauty to nature. Nature assumes different pictures in different seasons.
Occupation and products: Bangladesh is mainly and agricultural country. More than eighty percent of their populations depend on agriculture for their living. Rich is our main food crop. Jute and tea are our two main cash crops. Thousands of our people are working in foreign countries for want of job opportunities in native land. Here there are much more people looking for employment than there are opportunities for employment. A great amount of remittances is flowing in everyday remitted by these overseas employees. Thus they are contributing a lot to the enrichment of our foreign exchange reserve fund.
Flowers and fruits: Bangladesh is a favorite homeland of a great variety of flowers and fruits. Flowers are a wonderful gift of nature. They add much to the enhancement of the natural beauty of Bangladesh. Flowers are liked by one and all for their variety of colors, beauty and sweet smell. The rose is the best among the lot. The shiplap is our national flower. Fruits are of both seasonal and all seasonal. Our main fruits are mangoes, bananas, pine apples, jack fruits, coconuts etc. the Jack fruit is our national fruit.
Birds and rivers: we go the bed with the songs of birds at night and wake up again with the songs of birds in the morning. There are talking birds, game birds, prey birds, water birds, guest birds; weaving birds and beautiful birds in Bangladesh they add charm and beauty to the flora and fauna of our country. The Doel is our national bird. Bangladesh is called the land of rivers with their uncounted tributaries. These rivers contribute much to add the natural beauty of Bangladesh. The Padma, the Meghna, the Jamuna and the Karnafuli are the big rivers of Bangladesh. They provide us with a great variety of heart-torching and eye-catching sights, sounds and beauty.
Education and culture: education is the backbone of the nation. Most of the people of our country are illiterate. They are ignorant of their rights and duties. The darkness of illiteracy has created a great obstacle to the way of our development. People of Bangladesh are simple and gentle. They have strong feelings of love, affection and hospitality. Our mother tongue is bangla. Bengali literature is very much developed. Our world poet Rabindranath Tagore, rebel poet kazi nazrul islam and pollikabi jasimuddin are the outstanding poets of Bengali literature. Md. Nazrul Islam is our national poet.
Economic development: Bangladesh achieved independence in 1971. it became the successor of a burnt and shattered economy. Though we achieved the territorial freedom, we could not yet achieve economic emancipation. Most of the people of our country have to live below the poverty line. There are more people looking for employment than there are opportunities for employment. To speak the truth, we are now groping in the darkens of uncertainty in almost every sphere of our life.
Natural beauties: Bangladesh is called the darling child of nature. It is a treasure-trove of bounteous nature. Nature seems to have adorned Bangladesh lavishly by all her beauties and bounties. Whoever sets foot on this land, can never forget its beauty. A Canadian boy once visiting a village in Bangladesh for the first time exclaimed with wonder, ‘is this Bangladesh also?’ a great variety of sights, sounds, sounds and coolers have made our motherland a dreamland a land of surpassing beauties flowing with milk and money. Our beloved world poet Tagore claims,
“Nowhere would thou find such a land, queen of all lands, my beloved motherland.”
Conclusion: we love our country with all the warmth or our heart. Let us give vent to our feelings in the words of the poet,
“Land of our birth, we pledge to thee;
Our love and toil in the years to be.”