Friday, May 03, 2013

Definition & Structure of Sub Classes Tense (Tense Part -2)

Definition & Structure of Sub Classes Tense
Present Indefinite Tense: The present indefinite tense does not indicate any definite time it simply shows that the action is done a present.

Structure:
Subject + Verb with s/es (if it is 3rd person singular number)

     Example:
1. I eat rice.
2. We go to School everyday.
3. They play football.

Present continuous Tense: The present continuous tense expresses an action going on at the time of speaking.

Structure:
Subject + am/is/are + verb(ing)

     Example:
1. I am writing a book.
2. We are going to market.
3. He is sleeping on the bed.

Present perfect Tense: The present perfect tense is used to express an action which is just finished but the result of which till exists.

Structure:
Subject + have/has + verb (p.p)
     Example:
1. I have written a book
2. He has gone in the field.
3. They have played cricket.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense: The present perfect continuous tense is used to express an action that has been going on for a long time and still continuing.

Structure:
Subject + have been/has been + verb(ing) + object + extension

     Example:
1. I have been reading a book since 3 days.
2. He has been eating rice for 2 hours
3. They have been playing cricket for 5 hours.

Past Indefinite Tense: The Past Indefinite Tense is used to express a simple action in the past.

Structure:
Subject + verb (past form) + object + extension

     Example:
1. I ate rice.
2. He went to university.
3. He went home weeping.

Past continuous Tense: The past continuous Tense is used to express an action going on for sometime in the past.

Structure:
Subject + was/were + verb(ing) + object + extension



     Example:
1. He was doing the work.
2. We were playing in the field at that time.
3. The man was trembling in fear.

Past Perfect Tense: The past Perfect Tense is used to express an action that has been finished before another past action.

Structure:
Subject + had + verb(p.p) + before/after + object + extension

     Example:
1. Rahim had gone away before Karim came.
2. We reached the station after the train had left.
3. The patient had died before the doctor came.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense: The past perfect continuous Tense is used to express a past action which had been going on for sometimes before another past action.

Structure:
Subject + had been + verb(ing) + object + extension

     Example:
1. People had been gathering before the meeting began.
2. Mother had been suffering from insomnia for a year.
3. Mamun had been singing merrily before he came.

Future Indefinite Tense: The Future indefinite tense is used to express an action that will take place at sometimes in the future but it does not indicate any definite time.

Structure:
Subject + shall/will + verb (present form) + object + extension
     Example:
1. I shall go home.
2. You will read a book.
3. He will apply for the job.

Future Continuous Tense: The future continuous tense is used to express an action that will be going on in future.

Structure:
Subject + shall be/will be + verb(ing) + object + extension

     Example:
1. I shall be reading.
2. You will be reading.
3. We shall be reading in the morning.

Future Perfect Tense: The Future perfect Tense is used to express an action that will be completed before another future action.

Structure:
Subject + shall have/will have + verb(past form) + after/before+ object + extension

     Example:
1. I shall go away after he will have come.
2. He will have done this before you go to school.
3. We shall have gone home before the train will leave the station.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense: The Future Perfect Continuous Tense denotes that the action will be going for a pretty long time before another future action.

Structure:
Subject + shall have been/will have been + verb(ing) + object + extension

     Example:
1. I shall have been reading before you come.
2. I shall have been reading before the sun rises.
3. The train will reach Dhaka after it will have been running for two days.